What may be the cause(s) for the rise in cases of Rape?

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2 Sep 2014

गोजमुमो प्रतिनिधी अनि मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जी माझ बैठक

डी के वाइबा, कालिमन्युज, कालेबुङ 2 सितम्बर 2014। तीन दिने पहाड भ्रमणमा आएकी मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जी अनि गोर्खा जनमुक्ति मोर्चा माझ आज यहाँको डेलो टुरिष्ट लजमा एक बैठक सम्पन्न भयो। बैठकमा गोजमुमो पार्टीको पक्षमा महासचिव रोशन गिरी, बिधायक त्रिलोक देवान, सभासदहरू बिनय तामाङ अनि डा आर.बी भुजेल उपस्थित रहेका थिए। 
लगभग आधाघण्टा बसेको बैठकमा मोर्चाको पक्षबाट मुख्य मन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीलाई बिभिन्न मागहरू गरिएको रोशन गिरीले जानकारी दिएका छन्। बैठक पछि पत्रकारहरूलाई सम्बोधन गर्दै रोशन गिरीले बैठक खुबै सौहार्द पूर्व सम्पन्न भएको जानकारी दिए। 
“दागोपापको मोठ 119 करोड मध्ये 63 करोड धनराशी अचल भएर बसेको छ। उक्त धनराशी जीटीएलाई हस्तान्तरण गरिनुपर्छ भन्ने माग राखेका छौँ। यसबारे मुख्य मन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीले सकारात्मक आश्वाशन दिएका छन्” रोशन गिरीले भने। यसका साथै तिनले ‘दार्जीलिङ, कालेबुङ अनि खर्साङ महकुमाको निम्ति मैला व्यवस्थापन कार्य, खरसाङमा निर्माण हुने मिडीकल कलेज अनि आन्दोलनकालमा मोर्चा कार्यकर्ताहरूलाई लगाईएको बिभिन्न मुद्दाहरू फिर्ता गरिनुपर्छ भनेर माग गरेका छौँ’ भने। 
अर्कोतर्फ बैठक पछि मुख्य मन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीले पनि पत्रकारहरूलाई सम्बोधन गरिन्। उनले पत्रकारहरूलाई सम्बोधन गर्ने क्रममा मोर्चा प्रतिनिधीहरूसंग बैठक खुबै राम्रो भएको बताईन। 
“जीटीएको सम्झौता पत्रमा नै दुईपक्षिय अनि त्रिपक्षिय वार्ता हुने लेखिएको छ। सोही सम्झौता अनुसार आज दुईपक्षिय वार्ता हुनेछ। मोर्चासंग बसेको बैठक खुबै सौहार्दपूर्व वातावरणमा सम्पन्न भयो। म पहाडको शान्ति अनि बिकासको पक्षमा छु। पहाडका मानिसहरूलाई ध्यनमा राखेर चाँडै दार्जीलिङमा एउटा सानो मुख्यमन्त्री कार्यलय निर्माण गरिनेछ” मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीले भनिन। 
उनले बैठकमा खरसाङमा मेडिकल कलेज निर्माण हुने चर्चा भएको बताउँदै उक्त मेडिकल कलेज पब्लिक प्राईभेट पाटनरशिपमा निर्माण गरिने स्पष्ट पारेकी छन। 
“पहाडका मानिसहरूलाई बिभिन्न असुबिधाहरू भोग्न परेको जानकारी प्राप्त भएको छ। उक्त असुबिधालाई ध्यानमा राखेर पहाडमा एकजना अधिकारी बस्न सक्ने मुख्यमन्त्री कार्यलय निर्माण गर्नेछु” ममता ब्यानर्जीले अझ भनिन्। पत्रकारहरूलाई सम्बोधन गर्ने क्रममा तिनले आफू पहाडका मानिसहरू बिभिन्न सहुलियत प्रदान गर्न तथा पहाडवासीसंग भेटघाट गर्न पुन: आगामी दशैं पछि आफू दार्जीलिङ पहाड आउने पनि जानकारी गराएकी छन्। 
अर्कोतर्फ यता आज मुख्य मन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जी अनि एनएचपीसी प्रतिनिधि टोली माझ पनि डेलो टुरिष्ट लजमा छुट्टै बैठक सम्पन्न भयो। 
बैठकमा एनएचपीसी सिलगडीका कार्यकारी निर्देशक एस आर रोय लगायत अन्य पद अधिकारीवर्ग उपस्थित रहेका थिए। उक्त बैठकमा राज्य सरकाले टिस्टा नदी, त्रिवेणी अनि रम्माम खोलामा मोठ चारवटा छुट्टा छुट्टै जलबिद्युत परियोजना निर्माण गर्ने भएको बिषयमा चर्चा गरियो। बैठक पछि पत्रकारहरूलाई जानकारी गराउँदै मुख्य मन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीले राज्य सरकारले जलबिद्युत परियोजना निर्माण गर्ने योजना बनाएको बिषयमा चर्चा भएको बताईन्। 
“टिस्टा नदी, रम्माम आदि ठाउँमा जलबिद्युत परियोजना निर्माण गरिनेछ” ममता ब्यानर्जीले भनिन्। यता उक्त बिषयमा जानकारी गराउँदै एनएचपीसीका कार्यकारी निर्देशक एस आर रोयले मोठ 293 मेगावाट उर्जा उत्पादन गर्ने चारवटा जलबिद्युत परियोजना निर्माण गरिने जानकारी गराए। उक्त जलबिद्युत परियोजना लगभग 25 सय करोड रूपिया लागत खर्चमा निर्माण गरिने पनि तिनले जानकारी दिएका छन्। यसबारे आवश्यक कागजपत्रको पहल केही समय पछि हुने तिनले अझ बताएका छन्।
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जीटीए अनि राज्यसरकार माझ दुई पक्षिय वार्ता सम्पन्न जीटीए कानून संशोधनको कुराकानी भएको छ – रोशन गिरी

डी के वाइबा, कालिमन्युज, कालेबुङ 2 सितम्बर। गोर्खाल्याण्ड क्षेत्रिय प्रशासन अनि राज्य सरकारमाझ आज यहाँको दुर्बिन नजिक सर्किट हाउसमा दुईपक्षिय वार्ता सम्पन्न भयो। प्राय: एकघण्टा पन्द्रह् मिनट लामो चलेको बैठकमा जीटीए पक्षबाट शिक्षा बिभागका सभासद रोशन गिरी, बिनय तामाङ, डा आर.बी भुजेल, बिधायक त्रिलोक देवान, जीटीए मुख्य सचिव गौतम घोष, जीटीए सचिव डनबस्को लेप्चा उपस्थित रहेका थिए भने राज्य सरकारको पक्षबाट गृह सचिव बाशुदेव ब्यानर्जी, मुख्य सचिव सञ्जय मित्र जिलाध्यक्ष पुनित यादव, जलपाईगडी कमिस्नर बरूण रोय लगायत महकुमा अधिकारी आदिको उपस्थिति रहेको थियो। लगभग 10 महिना पछि सम्पन्न भएको दुईपक्षिय वार्तामा बिभिन्न बिषयहरूमा चर्चा भएको बैठक समाप्त भए पछि सभासद रोशन गिरीले जानकारी गराए। 
यता बैठक बारे राज्य सरकारको पक्षबाट गृह सचिव वाशुदेव ब्यानर्जीले “बैठक राम्रो भयो” मात्र भने। “राज्य सरकार अनि जीटीए माझ दुईपक्षिय बैठक राम्रो भयो। बैठकमा जीटीए एक्ट संशोधन गर्ने कुराकानी भयो। अनुसूचित जाती अनि जानजातीलाई जीटीएमा आरक्षण हुनपर्छ भन्ने चर्चा भयो। बिभागहरू हस्तान्तरण अझसम्म नगरिएको बिषयमा पनि कुराकानी भयो” रोशन गिरीले पत्रकार सम्मेलनमा भने। 
यसक्रममा सरकारले जीटीएको प्रत्येक बिभागहरूलाई पठाएको नोटिफिकेशनमा पनि सरकारले अनियमितता अप्नाएको बताउँदै यस बिषयमा पनि चर्चा गरिएको जानकारी गराए। यसका साथै आजसम्म कतिपय बिभागहरू सरकारले हस्तान्तरण नगरेको कुरा पनि बैठकमा जीटीएको पक्षबाट उठान गरिएको गिरीले बताए। “ग्रामिण बिकास जीटीएको अधिनस्थ हुनपर्छ भनेर माग गरेका छौँ। हामी तल्लो तहसम्म बिकाश गर्न चाहन्छौँ। यसको निम्ति खण्ड बिकास अधिकारी जीटीएको अधिनस्थ हुनपर्छ भन्ने हाम्रो माग छ। यसबारे मुख्य सचिवले चर्चा गर्ने जानकारी दिएका छन” रोशन गिरीले बैठकबारे जानकारी गराउँदै भने। \बैठकमा आन्दोलनकालमा मोर्चा नेता अनि कार्यकर्ताहरू माथि लागेका बिभिन्न मुद्दहरू फिर्ता गरिनुपर्ने बिषयमा चर्चा गरिएको अनि यसबारे सरकारले जाँच गरिरहेको सरकारपक्षबाट आफूहरूलाई जानकारी प्राप्त भएको तिनले बताए। 
यसक्रममा त्रिपक्षिय वार्ता सरकारले आगमी 15 अक्टोबरको दिन गर्नुपर्छ भनेर जीटीएले प्रस्ताव दिएको पनि गिरीले बताएका छन। जीटीए सम्झौता भए पछि आजसम्म सुचारू सञ्चालन नभएको अनि अझसम्म बिभागहरू हस्तान्तरण नभएको बिषबारे त्रिपक्षीय वार्ता कुरा उठान गर्ने पनि उनले बताए। यसका अतिरिक्त दार्जीलिङ पहाडका मोठ 11 वटा जातहरूलाई जनजातिको मान्यता दिनुपर्छ भन्ने बिषयका कुराकानी भएको गिरीले बताए। गोजमुमो पार्टीले छुट्टै राज्य गोर्खाल्याण्डको आन्दोलन गर्दा बिजुलीको बिल नतिर्ने घोषणा गरेपछि अहिलेसम्म उक्त बिल सम्बन्धि कुनै छिना फाना हुन सकेको छैन। 
यता जीटीएले बारम्बार बिजुली बिल माफीको कुरा उठाईरहेको छ भने यस अघि मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीले पनि गोरूबथानबाट पहाडमा आन्दोलन कालको बिजुली बिल माफी गरिदिने घोषणा नै गरेकी थिईन। तर उक्त घोषणा आजसम्म घोषणामा नै सिमित बनेको छ। यसबारे आज राज्य सरकार अनि जीटीएको प्रतिनिधी माझ बसेको बैठकमा भने बिजुली बिल माफीको कुरा उठनको साटो उल्टै बिजुली बिल तिर्नपर्ने सरकारको प्रस्ताव आएको छ। 
“हामीले बैठमा आजसम्म आन्दोलनकालका बिजुली बिलहरूको माफी सम्बन्धि कुराकानी गर्‍यौँ। यसबारे सरकारको पक्षबाट 12वटा किस्तिहरूमा बिल भुक्तानको प्रस्ताव जीटीएलाई राखिएको थियो। यसमा बिभागको पक्षबाट लगाईने अतिरिक्त ब्याज नलगाउँने प्रस्ताव दिएको थियो। हामीले यसको बिरोध गरेका छौँ” बिजुलीको बिल माफी सम्बन्धि बैठकमा के चर्चा भयो भनि सोधेको जवाबमा रोशन गिरीले भने। 
यसका साथै बैठकमा केन्द्रिय विश्वविद्यालय, कर छुट, सरकारी अनुदान, दागोपापकादेखी कार्यरत अस्थायी कर्मचारीको समस्या आदि बिषयहरूमा पनि बैठकमा चर्चा भएको रोशन गिरीले जानकारी दिए। 
“अस्थायी कर्मचारीवर्गलाई स्थायीकरण गर्न सरकारले एउटा कमिटि बनाउँने भएको छ। उनीहरूलाई अझ धेर सुबिधा प्रदान गर्न हामी चाह्न्छौँ। यसका साथै त्रिस्तरीय पञ्चायत चुनावको निम्रि संविधान संशोधनको कुरा पनि उठेको छ। यसबारे हामी त्रिपक्षिय वार्तामा अझ कुरा उठाउँने छौँ” रोशन गिरीले भने। 
“हामीले हाम्रो पक्षबाट सबै कार्य गरेका छौँ। तर सरकारले के कार्य गर्दैछ। हामी यसबारे खुलस्त चाहन्छौँ। जीटीए स्वयात्त शाषण हो भने सरकारले स्वायत्त रूपमा सञ्चालन गर्न दिनुपर्छ। हामीलाई दुईपक्षिय शाषण चाहिन्दैन” रोशन गिरीले अझ भने। यता कलेज सर्भिस कमिशन अनि स्कूल सर्भिस कमिशनबारे बैठकमा के भयो भनि प्रश्न गर्दा सरकारले पहाडका समस्या समाधानको निम्ति अहिलेघरी अस्थायी स्कूल सर्भिस कमिशन बनाएर कार्य गर्नु भनि प्रस्ताव दिएको पनि गिरीले बताएका छन्। यसबिषयमा आगामी दिनमा जीटीए सभामा चर्चा गरिने तिनले जानकारी दिएका छन्।
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मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीलाई बिधायक डा हर्कबहादुर छेत्रीले एक्लै भेटे घरी घरी दिल्ली नगएर कोलकोता जानु उचित – डा हर्कबहादुर छेत्री

डी.के वाइबा, कालिमन्युज, कालेबुङ 2 सितम्बर। “राज्य सरकारसंग सौहार्दपूर्ण वातावरण बनाएको राम्रो। सबै कामकाज राज्य सरकारबाटै हुन्छ। घरी घरी दिल्ली नगएर कोलकोता जानु उचित हो। मैले यसबारे गोजमुमो नेताहरूलाई अघिबाटै भनेको हो” उक्त बयान कालेबुङका बिधायक डा हर्कबहादुर छेत्रीले दिएका हुन्। 
गोजमुमो महासचिव रोशन गिरीको नेतृत्वमा रहेको प्रतिनिधी टोलीले मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीसंग यहाँको डेलो टुरिष्ट लजमा बैठक गरेर उक्त टोली फर्केपछि कालेबुङका बिधायक एंव मोर्चा प्रवक्ता डा हर्कबहादुर छेत्री मुख्य मन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीलाई भेट्न एक्लै डेलो टुरिष्ट लज आईपुगेका थिए। गोजमुमो प्रतिनिधी टोलीमा सामेल भएर आउनुको सट्टा तिनी एकलै मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीलाई भेट्न डेलो टुरिष्ट लजमा आईपुग्दा सबै अवाक भएका थिए। 
तिनले मुख्यमन्त्रीलाई एकलै भेटेर केहीबेरसम्म कुराकानी गरे। यसरी अचानक मोर्चाको प्रतिनिधी टोलीमा सामेल बनेर मुख्यमन्त्रीलाई भेटन एकलै आएका डा हर्कबहादुर छेत्रीलाई पत्रकारहरूले प्रश्न गर्दा तिनले राज्य सरकारसंग सम्बन्ध राम्रो बनाउँनुपर्छ भन्ने बयान दिए। यसक्रममा मुख्यमन्त्री संग कुराकानी भएको बताउँदै ममता ब्यानर्जीले कुनै समस्या भए नवन्नामा आउनु भनेको छेत्रीले बताए। 
“पहाडका कुनै समस्या छ भने कोलकोताको नवन्नामा आउँनु त्यहीँबाट सबै समस्याको समाधान गरिनेछ” मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीले भनेका छन् भनि डा छेत्रीले पत्रकारहरूलाई बताए। “मुख्यमन्त्रीले पहाड बिकास गर्न चाहन्छन्। यसकारण पहाडमा झमेला हुँदा पनि तिनी पहाड आईरहेकी छन्। यसबाट हामीले फाईदा लिनुपर्छ” डा हर्कबहादुर छेत्रीले स्पष्ट भने। 
स्मरण रहोस गोजमुमो पार्टीलाई प्रतिनिधी गरेर बिभिन्न बैठकहरूमा भाग लिने कालेबुङका बिधायक डा हर्कबहादुर छेत्रीलाई केही समय यतागोजमुमो पार्टीले बिभिन्न बैठकहरूमा प्रतिनिधी टोलीमा सामेल गराएको छैन। राज्य सरकार र गोजमुमो पार्टीको सम्बन्ध बिग्रेको समयमा पनि खुबै कुशल भूमीका निर्वाह गरेर पुन: राज्य अनि गोजमुमो पार्टीको सम्बन्ध स्थापित गराउँने डा छेत्री अहिले घरी साहित्यिक कार्यक्रमहरूमा खुल्ला रूपले सत्ता पक्षकै आलोचना गर्न चुक्दैनन्। 
जीटीएको बिषयहरूमा बोल्न परिहाले तिनले आफैलाई टाडा राखेर ‘यसबारे जीटीएकै साथीहरूलाई राम्ररी ज्ञान छ’ भन्दै आफैलाई जीटीए अनि मोर्चाकै कार्यक्रमहरूबाट टाडा राख्ने गरेका छन्। यता गोजमुमो पार्टीको दिल्ली यात्रामा पनि उनी प्रतिनिधी टोलीको रूपमा जान पाएका छैनन भने आज सम्पन्न भएको द्वीपक्षिय वार्तामा पनि तिनलाई जीटीएको प्रतिनिधी टोलीमा सामेल गरिएन। यस्तो अवस्थामा बिधायक डा छेत्रीले मुख्य मन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीलाई एक्लै भेटेर सबैलाई आश्चर्यचकित पारेका छन्।
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Poverty – A State of Mind or Expense of Rs.32 Per Day

TIR, Rushiraj Patel, 2 September 2014: After three long decades, a single party has been able to form the majority government in Indian Parliament.  The man at the helm of their campaign – our Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his maiden address in the Parliament said, “The government belongs to the poor people of the country. We are custodian of people’s hope. Government should be for the poor. If we do not work for the poor, the people will never pardon us.”
But, which poor is Mr. Modi talking about?
Surprisingly, 67 years post-independence; the uproar has largely been over the measures of identifying poor rather than efforts to resolve the poverty problem. This is understandable given that in order to solve the bottleneck in a certain production design, you have to find the bottleneck first.
From being called “a state of the mind” to being defined mathematically 32 Rs. per day in villages and 47 Rs. per day in cities – no definition has been defined as appropriate by the Indian masses. Presumably, Bollywood has given the most acceptable definition till date; a man with basic necessities of Roti, Kapda & Makaan fulfilled shall be defined as ‘not poor’.
Surely, on a superficial look – one feels that the uproar is quite justifiable. But first, we need to understand the existing methodology of identifying poor set by Rangarajan Committee recently.
The Rangarajan panel considers people living on less than Rs. 32 a day in rural areas and Rs. 47 a day in urban areas, as poor. The outcome surprisingly is nearly equal to Global Poverty Line $1.25 per day per person set by World Bank on PPP basis. But, this numeric outreach has actually come from just a slight modification of the Tendulkar methodology.
We have separated measuring indicators for rural and urban rather than just a mere price difference, as it was earlier. Secondly, we have included fats and proteins in addition to calories. Thirdly, I think for the first time, certain normative requirements with respect to non-food consumption expenditures were introduced”, as described by Mr. Rangarajan.
Stark Difference from Reality
1
Mr. Rangarajan has insisted on putting it monthly and at household level rather than dissecting it into per day per person angle. Quite understandable, not only because when you survey – you survey a household and not each & every member of the family – but also because he wants us to also lend him the benefit of the basic microeconomic concept of “economics of scale”. Moreover, he has discounted all the additional benefits given to them in the form of let’s say Indira Aawas Yojana or Mid-day Meal or PDS or others, which might hike up the 32 Rs. limit.
Also, his committee can’t get a hold over the accuracy of data of consumption expenditure being provided by the people – especially in a country where less than 3% of the population file Income Tax returns.
Given that Indians are mocked for their ability to make savings – the committee might think it is possible for them to make ends meet and manage in as less as possible – no doubt the number is low.
For an instance, a police constable earns, on an average 8000 Rs. While the maximum salary for a government peon hardly reaches 8000 – both of whose figures remarkably come close to the urban poverty limit.  And there would be at least thousands of such constables and peons where they are the sole earning source of their household.
So, the government that advocates this poverty line itself doesn’t manage to pay people enough beyond the poverty line it itself demarcates.
So, now the question is – where lies the ideal limit?
For arguments’ sake, let’s set the bar as Rs. 100 per day – which means 15,000 Rs. per month – then it means that there would be a need to make extra monetary provisions for the additional gamut of people that shall now fall in the BPL.
Will the damage to exchequer be passed on to the so-called middle class taxpayers making commodities etc. more expensive? But, then it would eventually lead to people just near the line being pushed below the line and getting trapped in the circle of entitlements as it is happening with caste-based reservations.
What is the justifiable limit then?
The Other Way
Probably, it is time for Mr. Rangarajan and his committee to roll up their sleeves and work around with a different methodology rather than tweaking an existing and already heavily criticized Tendulkar methodology.
They need to understand that poverty is a complex phenomenon and could not be captured by a single dimension like consumption expenditure basket, especially when the poor themselves define their poverty issues in multiple dimensions of issues related to health, education and standard of living.
Interestingly, such a method exists which is called Multi – Dimensional Poverty Index (MPI) and Rangarajan Committee has reckoned about it in their report but neglected it because they were unable to combine them with consumption expenditure surveys.
Let’s have a peek into what is MPI?
MPI uses the same 3 broad dimensions as HDI does namely Health, Education and Standard of living. MPI, unlike HDI, uses more than 1 indicator for each dimension of poverty to capture the problem in a better way.  Not just this, MPI requires all of its data to come from a single survey rather than a conglomeration of several surveys, which is the way Rangarajan committee proceeds, yielding such controversial figures to demarcate poverty.
Definitely, MPI also has its limitations that the weightage given to each parameter under its three dimensions is debatable – indeed it shall be – but then, formation of such an esteemed committee is to solve such value judgment questions rather than tweaking an existing methodology.
The committee should look forward to providing more important and relevant information to policy makers to achieve their poverty reductions target and define poverty in a more acceptable fashion. After having a lot of hue and cry over similar shoddy figures, while in opposition, it would be interesting to see as to how Narendra Modi government reacts to this report.
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What’s Common Between a Washing Machine and Lassi? Jugaad: Indian Innovation

jugaadAnil Maheshwari, TIR, 2 September 2014: Recalling his experiments with ‘jugaad’, veteran journalist Sir Mark Tully writes that once the radiator in his car (Ambassador mark) broke down while travelling on a district road in Western Uttar Pradesh. The nearby town was about 20 kms. away. As he approached a wayside mechanic, he was offered a ‘jugaad’. The mechanic advised him to pour water laced with turmeric powder in the radiator to prevent the leakage. The suggestion worked well and Sir Mark reached next town safely. In another incident, an improvised rope (twigs entwined) was used by him in place of the broken fan-belt, as there was no shop nearby.
‘Jugaad’ is a smart, out-of-the-box way to achieve results, used for solutions often bending rules. ‘Jugaad’ is a colloquial Hindi word that means an innovative fix or a simple work-around, sometimes pejoratively used for solutions that bend rules, or a resource that can be used as such, or a person who can solve a complicated issue. It is used as much to describe enterprising street mechanics as for political fixers. This meaning is often used to signify creativity to make existing things work or to create new things with meagre resources.
The ‘jugaad’ concept can be contrasted with the Western (originally American) concept of a hack or kludge. Although in its general meaning “hack” is very similar to ‘jugaad’, a ‘jugaad’ can be thought of more as a survival tactic; in contrast, a hack, especially nowadays, is seen an intellectual art form. Both concepts express a need to do what needs to be done, without regard to what is conventionally supposed to be possible.
‘Jugaad’ is increasingly accepted as a management technique and is recognised all over the world as an acceptable form of frugal engineering at peak in India. Companies in India are adopting ‘jugaad’ as a practice to reduce research and development costs. ‘Jugaad’ also applies to any kind of creative and out of the box thinking or life hacking, which maximises resources for a company and its stakeholders.
In fact in our daily life the presence of ‘jugaad’ seems to be from time immemorial. However, it gained currency on institutional lines about four decades ago when an ingenious car mechanic replaced the petrol engine with a second-hand diesel motor boat engine, imported from Singapore as a scrap, in an Ambassador mark car. As there was a wide gap between the rates of petrol and diesel, the ‘jugaad’ became a virus within no time. Soon after, the car manufacturing companies followed suit and came out with diesel variants of their products.
During the last two decades, ‘jugaad’ vehicles, powered by an agricultural water pump engine and mounted on a wooden frame, have started plying on the roads in Northern India. A ‘jugaad’ vehicle costs around Rs. 50,000. Though it has poor brakes, it is used unbridled. It cannot go faster than about 60 km/h. The vehicle often carries more than 20 people at a time in remote locations amidst poor road conditions. Today, a ‘jugaad’ is one of the most cost effective transportation solutions for rural India. Though no statistical data is available, it is reported that there are a number of instances of failing brakes, requiring a passenger to jump off and manually apply a wooden block as a brake. These vehicles do not have any vehicle registration plate, as they are not registered with the Regional Transport Office (RTO). Hence, no road tax is paid on them.
‘Jugaads’ are not officially recognised as road-worthy, and despite a few proposals to regulate them, vote-bank politics have trumped safety concerns. The improvised vehicles have now become rather popular as a means to transport all manner of items, from lumber to steel rods to ferrying schoolchildren.
A few years ago, Raj Nath Singh, the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh did not think twice before assuring villagers in election meetings that the government would regularise ‘jugaad’ if the voters make a ‘jugaad’ to vote his party to the power. However, in 2010, cracking the whip against ‘jugaad’, the Rajasthan State government issued a directive to the officials of transport department to challan the drivers of such vehicles and seize them forthwith. The government directive came after a division bench of the Rajasthan High Court took suo motu cognizance of the fatal ‘jugaad’ accidents.
‘Jugaad’ is not restricted to vehicles only. About a decade ago, washing machines making ‘lassi’ became all the rage in Punjab where cheap, locally manufactured washing machines doubled up as churners of ‘lassi’. As many shops were too tiny to accommodate washing machines, some innovators took a table fan shaft, modified it and added blades to make portable blenders. A potter from Wankaner, a town in Gujarat invented ‘Mitti’ Cool, a refrigerator made out of clay. This eco-friendly wonder doesn’t use electricity and can cool ample water, vegetables and milk.
Little wonder, ‘Jugaad’ has also entered the lexicon as a concept known in management-speak as frugal innovation. ‘Jugaad’ has recently gained more attention in the West, thanks to the efforts of people like Navi Radjou, an enthusiastic member of the pro-jugaad camp. A Palo Alto-based “innovation and leadership strategist” who was born in Pondicherry, Radjou is co-author of “Jugaad Innovation” along with Jaideep Prabhu, a professor at Cambridge, and Simone Ahuja, founder of Blood Orange Media. The book, describes what Western companies can learn from ‘jugaad’ and similar concepts common in many developing countries.
The book is a celebration of the ingenuity of entrepreneurs in emerging markets like India and China who, despite having very limited resources, are able to tap into their sheer ingenuity to come up with very simple but effective solutions to address major issues, whether it’s in health care or education or any other sector you can think about.
Even renowned industrialist Anand Mahindra has opined that the time has come for India to move from ‘jugaad‘ (somehow) to ‘jhakkaas‘ (superb). He said, “Low-cost innovation is essential for solving many problems facing the country. We should not confuse ‘jugaad’ with frugal innovation. ‘Jugaad’ does imply a positive ‘can-do’ attitude, but unfortunately, also involves a ‘make-do’ approach. It can, hence, lead to compromises on quality and rarely involves cutting edge or breakthrough technology. ‘Constraint-led Innovation’ is a better approach. It targets the most advanced technology but with a philosophy of ‘more for less’.
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We May Need to Pay for Internet – For Our Own Good

InternetSarah Abraham, TIR, 2 September 2014: The Internet – can we live without it! A vast, cross-referenced galaxy of information, boredom busters and procrastination enablers, which is also free – that is what the Internet has turned into. Everybody with Internet access has a voice, everybody with a computer can make their opinions known and everybody can find out just about anything they want. Ever heard the saying ‘There’s no such thing as a free lunch’? Have you never wondered what the catch is?
We do pay
We’re not talking about what you pay your broadband service, or let’s be more realistic – for the cup of coffee you spend four hours sipping because you get free WiFi. We’re talking about information, which is now money and power.
Making money from the Internet, rather than from a service sold on the Internet, is not easy and it’s one of the most puzzling questions that media houses are trying to answer. Traditional media get their money from advertisements, with subscriptions mostly being fairly nominal. With the Internet, barely anybody pays for subscriptions, and banner ads and the like are fairly useless. Really, how many times have you ever clicked on an ad? You probably use an ad blocking software anyway. So how do you run your website?
The answer is in information. Browsers give you more control over what kind of information you’re giving up, and people behind websites find new ways of getting information. So what kind of information do we generally give up?
Third-party cookies:
Just placing an ad on a website and getting paid per click doesn’t help too much. So websites let these third-party websites – the ones who pay for a presence on the website, but ones you, the user, are not interested in at all – place cookies on your browser as well. These are usually tracking cookies: they will report back to the website what your ip address is and the browsing pattern of that ip address.
First-party cookies make sense for you as a user: it can make sure that when you go back to a website, you get more of the kind of content you browsed earlier, it can make sure that your username is remembered, and you might get advertisements that are more tailored for you, which might even mean sales and offers that you might really be interested in. If you frequent a website, it’s like your browser has a relationship with it: it knows you, and it will be better at giving you what you want. This can simply make your online life easier, especially if you trust that particular website.
But third-party cookies don’t send all that valuable info over to the website you frequent – they send it all over to the advertiser that you don’t want to frequent, or want in your life at all. Using third-party cookies, they might be creating your online profile. Here’s how it works: most such advertisers have a presence across multiple websites within the same sector. Let’s take sports sites, for instance. Quite a few sports sites will have cookies from the same advertiser. Every time you visit one of these sites, the cookie sends this information on.
So if you visit six sports sites, you will be packaged into the lump group of ‘sport junkies’ (we assume) and the lump group can be information sold for targeted advertising: It’s like saying ‘here’s a bunch of people very definitely interested in sports, go on and advertise specifically for them!’ This effectively means that your browsing habits are being packaged ready for selling, and you have no control over who gets it. If you don’t erase your cookies after every browsing session, you will be categorised as ‘the chappie who came here 89 times in the last six days and the other sports site 78 times in the last six days, he’s here again, does he have nothing else to do’.
Tracking cookies also go on to track, apart from how often you go where, exactly what you do on that particular site, how long you stay on it, where you click – basically, all your online habits, with your unique signature.
Zombie cookies and Evercookies:
So now that you know what third-party cookies can do, you can simply make sure that you disable third-party cookies on your browser, which might mean that a few websites will not load – they won’t load unless you pay with your information – but you’ll know what you’re getting into. Right?
Sorry to crumble your cookie, but here’s when you need to know about zombie cookies and Evercookies. These are basically cookies that will get their claws into you even if you disable third-party cookies. Zombie cookies help connect the data previously collected by a third-party cookie from your browser with the new data, even if in the interval, you wiped your browser clean (or so you thought) of all cookies. Using a different browser will not help, either, because zombie cookies are stored in a folder common to all browsers. Basically, if you visit them once, you can try to delete the cookies as much as you want, but they’ll just keep coming back from beyond – hence the name.
Evercookies are probably even stranger – they can track you even if you use a secure browser like Tor (which we highly recommend). Here’s the explanation from the project itself:
Evercookie is a javascript API available that produces extremely persistent cookies in a browser. Its goal is to identify a client even after they’ve removed standard cookies, Flash cookies (Local Shared Objects or LSOs), and others.
Evercookie accomplishes this by storing the cookie data in several types of storage mechanisms that are available on the local browser. Additionally, if Evercookie has found the user has removed any of the types of cookies in question, it recreates them using each mechanism available.
To put simply, this means that the cookie just will not go away. It replicates itself in different locations on your system, which means that it’s nearly impossible for the average user to find and delete them all. This means that all activity from that particular computer can always be linked to make a cohesive and very complete internet profile of the usage from that particular computer, because everywhere you go, you will be sending your computer’s signature, and every website that can read that signature will immediately recognise it, adding that particular tidbit to your Internet profile. You cannot just erase them like regular third-party cookies.
But we really cannot blame the Internet for this: if we refuse to pay these websites for their content, they will find people who will pay them for our information, because these websites do need a source of revenue to continue existing. In the long run, subscription or money might be a much cheaper price to pay than this: being profiled and sold to whoever can pay for our information.
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Child Rights Protection Committee(CRPC) formed at Dalapchand Gram Panchayat

Mukesh Sharma, KalimNews & Kalimpong News Express, Kalimpong: Today two meeting were held by Bal Suraksha Abhiyan Trust, a non-governmental organization working for child rights and prevention of any form of crime against children. The main objective of the meeting was to tell the community members about how they could prevent such crimes against children at their area and what could be done if such cases occur. Along with that the major reason was to set up a Child Rights Protection Committee(CRPC), a community based mechanism where it would function as the ears and eyes of the community and keeps a watch at what the children in their area are doing and also focus on issues related to children.
The committees were formed at Lower Bidyang and Lower Dalapchand guided by Child Release Officer Mr. Tej Kumar Thapa, Megha Gazmer and Dicky Bhutia other staffs from BSA at Dalapchand area. 12 members at Lower Dalapchand and 14 members at Lower Bidyang were selected. These members were from different walks of life like SHG, I.C.D.S Centre, School teachers and Members of Gram Panchayat.
For each of the committee President and Secretary were also elected. At Lower Dalapchand, Mr Deepak Chandra Rai Principal of Mariegold Nursery School was elected as President and Miss Sunita Tamang member of S.H.G and Gram Panchayat as the secretary. At Lower Bidyang,  Mr Sunil Rai was elected as the President and Mrs Santoshi Pradhan was elected as Secretary. The meeting had an impressing feedback, all the members appreciated the effort BSA to bring about awareness regarding child rights, and all the community members also offered a helping hand to BSA. During the meeting most of the community members also highlighted the problem at their areas and discussed about the ways of eliminating them. 
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Mamata tom-toms trips to north - Others are visitors only in season of elections, says chief minister

Mamata in Siliguri on Monday. Picture
by Kundan Yolmo
AVIJIT SINHA, TT, Siliguri, Sept. 1: Chief minister Mamata Banerjee today said that unlike leaders and ministers of other political parties who visited north Bengal only ahead of elections, she came to the region at least once in a month to expedite development work.
Mamata, who arrived this afternoon on a four-day visit to Siliguri and the hills, said at the government event meeting: “Earlier, footsteps of people could be heard in north Bengal only ahead of the elections and the practice was prevalent for several years. However, I can proudly say that I come here once a month to ensure that north Bengal progresses forward.”
The chief minister, who inaugurated a host of services and infrastructure projects, said she was determined to improve communication facilities in the region.
“Today, we are introducing taxis and NBSTC buses here in Siliguri and tomorrow, similar taxis and buses would be introduced in Kalimpong for the hill region. Over a long time, no attention was paid to improve connectivity and communication facilities and even issuing of permits had stopped. We have simplified the process of issuing permits to people interested in running vehicles,” she said.
“Two more important projects would come up in north Bengal. These are Asian highways. One of these will connect Panitanki (on the India-Nepal border) with Fulbari (on India-Bangladesh border) and would be built by spending a sum of Rs 602 crore. Another one will connect Changrabandha (on the India-Bangladesh border) with Jaigaon (on the India-Bhutan border) for which Rs 823 crore would be expended. Both the projects would be executed by the state PWD. Once these projects are complete, road connectivity of north Bengal will largely improve with neighbouring countries such as Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh and with the Northeast,” she said.
The chief minister was referring to the South Asia Sub Regional Economic Cooperation Programme project of Asian Development Bank. She was silent about the longstanding four-lane project of NH31D, taken up by the NHAI in 2002.
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Morcha leader arrested

TT, Jalpaiguri, Sept. 1, 2014: A central committee member of the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha was arrested in Jalpaiguri today for his alleged involvement in a murder and for organising movements for the party in 2009.
The arrest, which was made a day before the GTA representatives’ bipartite meeting with the state, has led to speculations in political circles.
Police in Jalpaiguri said Chhetri, a resident of Chamurchi under Banarhat police station, was arrested this morning.
“Sandip Chhetri was named as an accused in a case registered in 2009 when a person was murdered during the agitation of the Morcha. Recently, the court has issued an arrest warrant against him and so, he has been arrested,” said Kunal Agarwal, the superintendent of police of Jalpaiguri.
Morcha leaders in the Dooars, however, have alleged that the police had fired one blank round while arresting Chhetri today.
“Our leader has been arrested with vested political interests. While arresting him, police fired one round in blank. We apprehend that he will have to face mental and physical torture while being in police custody,” said Sushil Pradhan, the secretary of the Chamurchi committee of the Morcha. After his arrest, Morcha leaders also demonstrated in the locality.
Aniruddha Thakur, the deputy superintendent of police (crime) of Jalpaiguri, however, has denied the allegation. “The allegations of firing a blank round are baseless. We have not even used force during the arrest.”
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Free hand to GTA at bipartite talks

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Vivek Chhetri, TT, Kalimpong, Sept. 1: The state government has given the GTA Sabha the option of raising any issue at tomorrow’s bipartite meeting, besides the 10 points of discussion already decided for bipartite talks.
Sources in the GTA said home secretary Basudeb Banerjee had communicated to the hill body on August 27 about the 10 points to be discussed.
These are proposals for amendment to the GTA Act 2011, issues related to transfer of departments and rules of business, issues related to staff matters (hill compensatory allowance, position of ad-hoc/contractual/casual employees), fund position (unspent balance and one-time non-plan grant), incentives/subsidies and waiver of taxes for private investment, central university/national institute of technology, tribal status to Gorkhas, reintroduction of three-tier panchayat system, dues to WBSEDCL and BSNL and withdrawal of cases.
The August 27 letter also said that apart from the agendas fixed by the state government, other matters may also be raised at the bipartite meeting to be held here tomorrow.
Sources in the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha said the party wanted at least 29 amendments to the GTA. Even though details of all the amendments are not known, the party wants the Act to be tweaked to introduce a 100-point roster system in the GTA and reserve seats for SC and ST communities in the autonomous body.
However, the state and the GTA are unlikely to reach a consensus at the bipartite meeting on matters such as the establishment of a central university and NIT, tribal status for Gorkhas and reintroduction of three-tier panchayat system. “Decisions on these issues can be taken only at a tripartite meeting of the state and central governments and the GTA. These issues are related to the Centre,” said an administrative official.
However, a concrete decision is expected to be taken on the transfer of departments.
Roshan Giri, an executive member of the GTA, said: “We would not want to disclose the issues we will raise (at the meeting tomorrow). But we have quite a few issues to discuss, apart from the 10 agendas.” However, sources said the issues that were out of the purview of the 10 agendas laid down by the state, but were likely to be taken up tomorrow were the formation of a sub-ordinate selection committee, review of powers of the district magistrate in running hill municipalities and transfer of schools such as Victoria Boys and Dow Hill, which are state institutions, to the GTA.
The meeting will be held in the Kalimpong Circuit House at 2pm and will be presided over by chief secretary Sanjay Mitra. Sources said the Morcha delegation would meet chief minister Mamata Banerjee at Deolo near here at 1pm tomorrow.
Gurung-Jaitley meet
GTA chief executive Bimal Gurung met Union finance minister Arun Jaitley in Delhi on Monday. “We apprised him of the recruitment of GTA youth into police, army and para-military forces and establishment of a Sainik School in the GTA area,” said Gurung.
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राजनैतिक दाव पेचको निम्ति गोजमुमो सदस्यहरुको पक्राउ – विनय तामङ

कालिमन्युज, जयगीँउ 1 सितम्बर । 2009 को गोर्खाल्याण्ड आन्दोलनको विभिन्न फौजदारी मुद्धाहरुमा भएकाहरुलाई पक्राउ गर्ने क्रम डुवर्समा प्राम्भ भएको छ। मध्य डुवर्सको गोजमुमो केन्द्रिय समिति सदस्यय सन्दीप छेत्रीलाई चमर्ची क्षेत्रबाट आज दिउसो बानरहाटबाट् बंगाल पुलिसले पक्राउ गर्यो । 
समाचार प्रकासमा आउन साथ डुवर्समा गोजमुमोका समर्थकहरु एंव कार्यकर्ताहरुमाझ तनाव साथ हतासा देखियो । 
यस सम्वन्धमा गोजमुमोका सुचना एंव संचार विभागका सभासद विनय तामङसंग दुरभाषमा जानकारी लिदा तिनले भने तृणमूल काग्रेस नेत्रि मुख्य मंत्री ममता मंत्री ब्यानर्जीको यो राजनैतिक षडयंत्र हो, 2011 मा केन्द्र, राज्य एंव गोजमुमो माझमा भएको त्रिपक्षिय समझौता भएर नै गोर्खाल्याण्ड क्षेत्रीय प्रशासन (जिटिए) बनिएको थियो त्यस समय उक्त समझौतामा 2007 देखी 2011 सम्मको केसहरुलाई खारीज गर्ने लिखित हस्ताक्षर भएको थियो । तर ममता सरकारले राजनैतिक षड़यन्त्र रचेर डुवर्सको केन्द्रिय समितिका पार्टी सदस्य सन्दिप छेत्रीलाई पक्राउ गरी 2011 को समझौतालाई उलंघन गरेको छ, तिनले भने यस बारे कालेबुङ्मा हुने द्विपक्षीय वार्तामा अवस्यै कुरा उठाउनेछौ, तिनले बताए । 
यस सम्वन्धमा बिमल गुरुङले नियूक्त गरेका डुवर्सको गोजमुमो चिफ आनन्द बिश्वक्रमसंग फोनमा सम्पर्क गर्दा सम्पर्क हुन सकेन । सरकारी पक्षको पुलिसबिभागको क्राइम डिएस पि अनिरुद ठाकूरले भने कि गोजमुमोको 2009 मा भएको आन्दोलनको मुद्धामा ननबेलेबल केस भएको खण्डमा तिनलाई पक्राउ गरिएको हो ।
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मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीको तीन दिने कालेबुङ भ्रमण

डी के वाइबा, कालिमन्युज, कालेबुङ 1 सितम्बर 2014। बङ्गालकी मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जी आज कठोर सुरक्षा व्यवस्थाको साथमा कालेबुङ आईपुगेकी छन्। उनी साँझ सात बजे कालेबुङ आईपुगेकी हुन्। तीन दिने कालेबुङ यात्रामा आएकी मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीलाई आज लेप्चा संगठन ईण्डिजेनस लेप्चा ट्राईबल एसोसिएसनले कालेबुङको प्रवेशद्वार चित्रेमा स्वागत गरेको थियो। 
यस अवधी लेप्चा बिकास बोर्डका अध्यक्ष एल एस तामसाङ, पद्मश्री सोनाम छिरिङ लेप्चा लगायत अन्य लेप्चा समुदायका मानिसहरू पारम्पारिक वेश भूषामा उभिएर ममता ब्यानर्जीलाई स्वागत गरेका थिए। मुख्यमन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जी केही क्षण वाहनबाट ओर्लिएर मायल्याङ लेप्चा बिकास बोर्ड अध्यक्ष एल एस तामासाङ अनि प्रतिनिधी टोलीसंग कुराकानी समेत गरिन। 
“तपाईँहरूको माया पाएर पुन: कालेबुङ आएकी छु। के कस्तो अवस्थाहरू छ त्यो पनि बुझ्नेछु। मलाई माया दिनुभएवापत तपाईँहरूलाई धन्यवाद छ। अब तपाईँहरूको पहुना भएर केहीदिन बस्नेछु” मुख्य मन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीले छोटो समयमा लेप्चा प्रतिनिधीहरूसंग कुराकानी गर्दै भनिन्। यस अवसरमा लेप्चा प्रतिनिधी टोलीले उनलाई पारम्पारिक लेप्चा खदा अर्पण गरेर स्वागत गरेको थियो। 
कालेबुङको प्रवेशद्वार चित्रेमा लेप्चा समुदायको न्यानो स्वागत पछि उनलाई यहाँको नौ माईल नजिक अघिबाटै मुख्य मन्त्रीको स्वागतमा बसेका अल शेर्पा बुद्धिष्ट डेभलपमेन्ट एसोसिएसनका प्रतिनिधी टोलीले पाराम्पारिक रूपमा स्वगत जनायो। बाटो किनारामा मुख्य मन्त्रीको स्वागतमा पारम्पारिक भेष भूषामा सजिएर बसेका शेर्पा समुदायका मानिसहरू देखे पछि ममता ब्यानर्जीले बाहन रोकेर शेर्पा समुदायको स्वागत अभिवादन स्वीकार गरिन। यसक्रममा उनलाई यहाँको थाना डाँडामा पनि हिल तृणमूल कङ्ग्रेसका कार्यकर्ताहरूले भव्य स्वगत जनाएको थियो। यस अवधि मुख्य मन्त्री आफ्नो वाहनबाट कठोर सुरक्षाको साथमा बाहनबाट सडकमा ओर्लिएर सबैको स्वागत अभिवाद स्वीकर गरिन। 
यसरी स्वागत अभिवादन स्वीकार गरेपछि मुख्य मन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीको बाहन सोझै डेलो टुरिष्ट लजमा प्रस्थान गरिन्। मुख्य मन्त्री ममता ब्यानर्जीको यसपल्टको कालेबुङ आगमनलाई केन्द्र गरेर लेप्चा समुदाय अनि हिल तृणमूल कङ्ग्रेसले ठाउँ ठाउँमा पोष्टरिङ, स्वागत गेट तथा होर्डिङहरू लगाईसकेको छ। यद्यपी केही अबेर गरेर उनी कालेबुङ आईपुगेको कारण आज स्वागतमा बिगतका दिनहरूको तुलनामा मानिसहरूको उपस्थिति भने न्यून रहेको थियो। हँसिलो मुस्कान लिएर सबैको अभिवादन स्वीकार गर्दै तीन दिने यात्रामा कालेबुङ आईपुगेकी ममता ब्यानर्जीले आगामी 3 सितम्बरको दिन लेप्चा बिकास बोर्डको तीन वर्षे स्थापना दिवस समारोहमा सहभागिता जनाउँने भएको छ।
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1 Sep 2014

Observations on Civic bodies oppose DM as receiving officer

Hillman the Analyst, KalimNews, Kalimponmg, 31 August 2014: Apropos newspaper article in the Telegraph dt: 23 August 2014 by Vivek Chhetri “Civic bodies oppose DM as receiving officer”. In citing the above article I feel it is my beholden duty and service to the hill people of Darjeeling District to make a few observations, uncovered during my course of study enquiring the status of Darjeeling District, nay including the entire Dooars (18) in the States of West Bengal and Assam, and to arrive at the nature of the geopolitical standing of these areas, considered as ceded territories in their historical contents and origin.

Forgive the ‘aspect of a little man with big talk’ I would like to submit a few specific points concerning Darjeeling District and its place of safeguard in the Constitution of India, as defined in the Govt. of India Act 1935 and Order 1936 “Excluded & Partially Excluded Areas” (E&PEA), clearly indicating Darjeeling District as a ‘Partially Excluded Area’ (PEA) which literal translation has impounding significance in describing the people of the region qualified to be safeguarded by complete ‘Exclusion’ from the reforms program conducted by then Govt. of India. However at the time of independence (1947) and the promulgation of the Constitution (1950) it is reckoned in interpreting the Constitution that certain Articles of the Constitution are very specific in ensuring the safeguard of the citizens of Darjeeling District (understood as well as the 18 Dooars aspects).

This safeguard provision of the 1935 Act is understood to be carried over into the power of the President. This ramification of this special provision is contained in Art. 392. Power of the President to remove difficulties.

Quote (1).The President may, … particularly in relation to the transition from the provisions of the Government of India Act 1935 to the provisions of this Constitution, by order direct that this Constitution shall, during such period as may be specified in the order, have effect to such adaptations, whether by any of modification, addition or omission, as he may deem to be necessary or expedient.
(3). The powers conferred on the President by this Article, by article 324 clause (3) of article 367 … , before the commencement of the Constitution be exercisable by the Governor-General of the Dominion of India.

Art.367: … (2) …….. shall be construed as including a reference to an Ordinance made by the President or to an Ordinance made by a Governor [***] as the case may be. [***The words “or the Rajpramukh” omitted by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act 1956, sec.29 and Sch. (w.e.f.1-11-1956)
… Provided that, subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, the President may by order3 declare any State not to be a foreign State for such purposes as may be specified in the order.[3.See the Constitution(declaration as to Foreign States) Order, 1950 (C.O.2)].

Interpreting the above Articles it presumes that E&PEA came under the Commissionership 1828 (in respect to Assam Province) and later on applied to other such designated areas from time to time. Accordingly the two Districts of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri came under the Scheduled Districts Act 1874 till the reforms of Assam Frontier Tract Regulation 1880 promulgated to give the powers to the Chief Commissioner of Assam. The United Kingdom Parliament passed the Govt. of India Act of 1919 to expand participation of the natives in the Govt. of India.  The reforms under the Simon Commission 1927-1930 passed the Govt. of India Act 1935 and Order 1936 converting the meaning of Backward Tracts to mean total ‘Exclusion’ under the phrase Excluded & Partially Excluded Area. Such designated areas were outside the purview of central & provincial legislatures designated as non regulated areas as compared to regulated areas subject to reforms within British India. The E&PEA were administered by the Governor of the Province under the dual role as the Chief Commissioner.    
      
The Act of 1935 granted statusqua to Darjeeling District as a Partially Excluded Area (not subject to reforms program) therefore applicable only to special administration under the Deputy Commissioner (DC) under the Commissioner, Jalpaiguri Division (North Bengal) headquarters based in Jalpaiguri.  

As per the above history Darjeeling District administration was under the DC. However since an unknown period of time the office of the DC is now headed by the Deputy Magistrate (DM) is a wide administrative reforms change implicating various subjects, regarding which changes the inhabitants to which applied are still in darkness seeking light to understand the implications actually involved between the power of the two designated posts, which surely are meant for different aspects of administration within the area concerned. The affected persons, the public in general demand an immediate explanation from the govt. as to how, why and when the change became effective. Accordingly the govt. of the day requires publishing the relevant notification for accounting transparency in administration convincing to the public.

The explanation has more significance considering the present situation wherein the State of West Bengal is once again reverted back vide Notification No.4139-BCW/3C(MC)-08/96 on 10th December 2013 to provisions of the Fifth Schedule provided for the establishment of Tribes Advisory Council in West Bengal as per sub paragraph (3) of paragraph 4 of the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of India. It is to be recalled that West Bengal was under the same administrative program i.e. Tribes Advisory Council in West Bengal during the commencement of the Constitution 1952-56.

The State of West Bengal is seen to have been formed during the same period of time under the Transfer of Territories Act 1956. During this transition Darjeeling District was merged with West Bengal thereby losing it ancient identity for 57 years till recently in 2013 whence it seems to have regained its original distinct status in comparison to the rest of the State excluding possibly the 18 Dooars (11 in Jalpaiguri District & 7 in Assam).

This probability is seen as originating from the Constitution itself guaranteed by: “Part XXI TEMPORARY, TRANSITIONAL & SPECIAL PROVISIONS (Arts. 369-392)
Art.369: Temporary power to Parliament to make laws with respect to certain matters in the State List as if they were matters in the Concurrent List.”

This aspect seems in consonance with the establishment of the Tribes Advisory Council in West Bengal referred above as statusqua ante 1956 under administration of Darjeeling district and probably Jalpiaguri & Cooch Bihar Districts under the Commissioner North Bengal including the Districts of Malda, West Dinajpur.

In considering the above aspects Darjeeling District (sic. four subdivisions of Darjeeling, Kurseong, Siliguri and Kalimpong) being the ceded territories of Sikkim is more or less guaranteed by the Constitution under conditions of Special provisions provided by Art.371F: Sikkim. Accordingly by implication Darjeeling District under constitutional law fall under Temporary, Transitional & Special Provisions Art.371F (?).

Surely till that period the interim setup GTA was provided under Art.369 till the period Darjeeling District is declared a Scheduled Area on account of the increase in Scheduled Tribes population in West Bengal on account of listing two new hill tribes Limbus and Tamangs in 2003 in Darjeeling District and which population now stands at 21.5% (Census 2011) as compared to 12.78% (Census 2001).

It is the above constitutional history which impacts the consideration of the civic bodies of the GTA areas to base its entire claim in asserting the legal constitutional right in holding the power of the reviewing officer. This purview may be considered otherwise under the Deputy Commissioner who has a wider power in governance and administration than the District Magistrate. This conclusion seems more proper, effective and constitutional, providing for the proper administration of not only the GTA area but the entire Darjeeling District as a Partially Excluded Area under the Act of 1935 in transition to the Constitution of India under the Fifth Schedule.

This is my humble contribution as a hill man seeking justice under the Constitution of India for an effective separate administration outside West Bengal. 

Karma T.Pempahishey is a freelance writer popularly known as Hillman the Analyst.   
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31 Aug 2014

नोभेम्बरमा पाँच दिने दिल्लीमुखी गोर्खाल्याण्डको आन्दोलन हुने

राजेश शर्मा, कालिमन्युज, जयगाँउ 31 अगस्त 2014। भारतको राजधानी दिल्लीबाट शनिवार बेलुकी गोर्खा जनमुक्ती मोर्चाका अध्यक्ष एंव गोर्खाल्याण्ड क्षेत्रीय प्रशासन( जिटिए ) चिफ बिमल गुरुङले आउदो नोभेम्बरमा पाँच दिने गोर्खाल्याण्डको आन्दोलन हुने खुलासा गरेका छन। 
आउदो नोभेम्बर महिनामा संसदकालिन समयमा यो दिल्लीमुखी कार्यक्रम हुने घोषणा दिल्लीको गोर्खा भवनबाट दिल्ली गोजमुमो शाखाको नयाँ कमिटि गठनको समयमा गरेको दिल्ली गोजमुमो सुत्रबाट जानकारी प्राप्त भएको छ ।
यस सम्वन्धमा बर्तमान गोजमुमो दिल्लीका मूलसचिव रुस्तम छेत्रीले दुरभाषमा दिएको जानकारी अनुसार दिल्ली गोजमुमो शाखाको बिगत तिनसालदेखी चल्दै आएको कमिटिको चुनाउ आज अध्यक्ष बिमल गुरुङको उपस्थितिमा गरियो । यस चुनाउमा दिल्ली गोजमुमोको पूर्व पार्टी अध्यक्ष मनोज शंकरनै यसपाली पनि पुन निर्वाचित भए । उपाध्यक्ष दिनेस (किसेर) लावर, सुदेश थापा चुनिए । 
मूलसचिवको रुपमा रुस्तम छेत्री, सहसचिव किरण राई , डिके रसाईली र मिलन गुरुङ कोषाध्यक्ष दिपमाला तामङ, शान्ती राई चुनिए। केन्द्रिय कमिटि एंव देहरादुन लगायत गोजमुमोको आन्दोलनको रुपरेखाको समंवयन गर्नको निम्ति लोपसांङ लामा र सागठनिक सचिवको रुपमा राकेस थापा लगायत 21 जनाको कार्यकारी कमिटि गठन गरिएको जानकारी छेत्रीले गराए । 
यस अवसरमा बिमल गुरुङले दिल्ली शाखा समक्ष धेरै आशाबादी भएको अनि गोर्खाल्याण्डको आन्दोलनलाई दिल्लीमा राम्रो रुपले संचालन गर्न सक्षम हुने छ भनि आशा राखेको बताए । तर कतिपय दिल्ली गोजमुमोका प्रतिनिधिले बताए अनुसार वर्तमान चुनिएको समितिले बिगतका सचिवको भन्दा राम्रो काम गर्न सक्षम हुनेछ के भन्ने निश्चित भने नभएको कुरो चर्चामा आएको छ । 
यस सम्वन्धमा बर्तमान दिल्ली गोजमुमो अध्यक्ष मनोज शंकरसग जानकारी मांग्दा तिनले भने नोभेम्बर महिनामा पाँच दिने गोर्खाल्याण्डको निम्ति जन्तर मंत्रतरमा धर्ना एंव तालकोटा स्टेडियममा सर्व भारत गोर्खा जागरुकता वा एकता सभा आयोजन हुने छ भनि बिमल गुरुङले त्यही सभामा घोषणा गरेको बताए ।
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Three Visva students arrested in smut case - University suspends accused following Centre’s prod and lodges police complaint

TT, Santiniketan, Aug. 30: Three Visva-Bharati students were arrested today on the basis of a complaint the varsity lodged against them for allegedly extorting money from a junior by threatening to circulate “objectionable pictures” of her through MMS and on the Internet.
Earlier in the day, Visva-Bharati had suspended the three Kala Bhavana students following a prod from the Centre.
Police said the trio had been charged with molestation, extortion and outraging the modesty of a woman through words and gestures. Birbhum police chief Alok Rajoria said the students were arrested after they had been questioned.
Visva-Bharati sources said the HRD ministry has sought a report on the allegations and asked the central university what action it had taken on the complaint lodged by the first-year Kala Bhavana student.
A senior Visva-Bharati official said today: “A letter from the HRD ministry reached the vice-chancellor’s office this morning, seeking a detailed report on the incident. There was also a query on what steps the university had initiated following the girl’s complaint. We have sent the report to the ministry and also informed it about the steps we have taken so far.”
A Visva-Bharati source said the Centre had also sought to know what action the Kala Bhavana principal, Sisir Sahana, had taken after the girl complained to him against the seniors on Tuesday. Sahana had said yesterday that he had forwarded the complaint to the Visakha committee, which looks into allegations of sexual harassment.
Yesterday, Visva-Bharati vice-chancellor Sushanta Dattagupta had said the university would lodge a police complaint only if an inquiry found the three students guilty.
The senior official said that in its preliminary report to the vice-chancellor, the Visakha committee had found the three Kala Bhavana students guilty.
Asked about the HRD ministry’s letter, Dattagupta said: “This is a routine affair. The Centre seeks reports in connection with any incident taking place at the university. We have sent the report.”
Proctor Harishchandra Mishra today lodged the FIR against the three students, two of whom hail from Calcutta, and an “unknown” person at Bolpur police station. “The girl could not identify the fourth youth. We are trying to find out who he is,” Mishra said.
In the complaint, Mishra has mentioned that the girl, who has gone home with her father for an indefinite period, was sexually harassed and blackmailed.
The girl had alleged that the three boys and the unknown youth had taken her to two tourist destinations in Santiniketan and clicked the “objectionable pictures” during the trip. The students had allegedly taken Rs 2,000 from the girl by threatening to circulate the pictures.
The girl’s father, who met the vice-chancellor and the president of the Visakha committee on Thursday, said over phone this morning: “We were advised by the authorities not to lodge a police complaint. I will go to Santiniketan on Tuesday. I can lodge a police complaint separately.”
Some Visva-Bharati students today submitted a memorandum to registrar D. Gunasekaran, demanding the rustication of the accused and a committee of students to look into cases of sexual harassment. They later met Kala Bhavana principal Sahana.
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Viswa Bharati University scandel : DDUDF writes to President of India and Seeks Viswa Bharati University VC’s Resignation

PR, KalimNews, Kalimpong, 31 August 2014: Darjeeling-Dooars United Development Foundation strongly condemning the incident of sexual harassment of a Sikkimese girl student in Visva-Bharati University, has also asked for the very speedy inquiry and also urgent justice to the victim and the affected family. 
It has demanded the most stringent and demeaning punishment to the perpetrators of this harassment so that it acts as a deterrent in future. The DDUDF in its letter addressed to the President of India who is the Visitor of the University (the highest authority in the Central University system), has requested for his urgent and effective intervention in this case.
The DDUDF has mentioned in its letter that if “the news item that appeared in the Times of India (Calcutta Edition dated Saturday, 30 August 2014) under the headline caption “Pressured into Not Filing Cop Complaint” is factually correct and true, then the Vice Chancellor of Vishwa Bharati University has no moral right to continue as the Vice Chancellor of a prestigious national University. This news item very clearly and emphatically shows how indifferent, insensitive, partial and inhuman has been the attitude of the Vice Chancellor in the handling of the entire case. ” It further mentions “that if the news item is true and the account given by the Father of the victim in the said newspaper is correct, the Vice Chancellor should be dismissed forthwith in case if he does not resign.”
DDUDF has also demanded implementation of the recommendations of the Bezbaruah Committee Report submitted just a couple of weeks back to the Ministry of Home Affairs. It has also urged the President of India “to make Darjeeling and Dooars a member of the North Eastern Council so that our students are also covered by any actions as recommended by the Bezbaruah Committee in future”. DDUDF has sent the copy of the letter to Hon’ble Prime Minister who is the Chancellor of the University; Hon’ble Minister of Human Resources development and Chairman, University Grants Commission.
DDUDF has also appealed the students of Vishwa Bharati University particularly form the North East region including Darjeeling and Dooars to remain calm and handle this difficult situation with maturity and as per the legal provisions and norms of the country .
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