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23 Oct 2014

Sen panel submits 404-page report to govt on final day

Saradha-groupDebasis Konar,TNN | Oct 23, 2014, KOLKATA: The Justice Shyamal Kumar Sen Commission submitted a 404-page final report to the Bengal government on Wednesday before winding up.

It asked the government to compensate the duped depositors by appointing a special officer in cases where the commission has completed hearing. The special officer is to make an inventory and pay the compensation according to high court directives. The commission also asked the government to properly encourage small savings schemes so that the weaker sections in the society are not duped. 

Justice Sen, a former chief justice of Allahabad high court and former chairman of Bengal human rights commission, was named by chief minister Mamata Banerjee to dispose the assets of Saradha Group and pay the duped depositors. It happened right the day after the arrest of Saradha chief Sudipta Sen in Kashmir on April 23, 2013. Mamata had promised to set up a corpus of Rs 500 crore to pay the duped depositors. 

But in reality, the cash-starved exchequer gave the commission Rs 287 crore, out of which Rs 251 crore was to be paid as compensation. But out of it, cheques to the tune of Rs 102 crore were returned, as these could not be disbursed by the local government offices because in many cases the address did not match. So, the commission now has a kitty over Rs 140 crore, which includes Rs 2.39 crore that it collected from the debtors of Saradha. 

Officials of the commission felt that there would be another extension for the commission which started functioning from April 24, 2013, and was given a year's extension in September 2013. 

The status report mentioned how the commission faced difficulty in operating as there was lack of manpower and even the SIT did not properly cooperate. The district magistrates allegedly did not provide necessary data either and failed to distribute cheques on the pretext of election duty. There was faulty entry of the names of the depositors which created much problem in disbursing the cheques, the commission stated. Initially, Webel was doing the data entry job, but later a private party was doing the job and more errors were spotted. State officials plan to issue a notification to wind up. 

The commission was entrusted with recovering the debts of Saradha and arrange payment of compensation to the depositors. Moreover, the commission was entrusted with attaching all the bank accounts of Saradha group. Later, the commission was entrusted with dealing with similar Ponzi funds and the commission was hearing cases related to 108 such funds other than Saradha. However, the commission faced problem as the Enforcement Directorate (ED) started attaching property of Saradha and plans to auction Saradha property was stalled. 

The commission has managed to pay 4.98 lakh depositors till date. Though a PIL was filed in the high court on Wednesday, it was turned down as the state government had started the commission suo motu. However, the commission failed to pay all the duped depositors, and those cheated by non-Saradha Ponzi firms were not paid any compensation. 

The commission officials are yet to open several thousand complaints of depositors of different chit funds, which are lying in the commission office at Council House Street in large bags. The commission officials plan to send the complaint bags and all untreated letters to Nabanna. Also, the commission had been occupying a floor at the financial hub at Rajarhat for which it did not pay Hidco. 
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Free treatment for all in districts

TNN,Oct 23, 2014, KOLKATA: From now, all patients will be able to avail medical services free of cost in all village and district level government hospitals and health centres across the state.
The free medical services include outdoor and surgical treatment and diagnosis. All paying beds in district hospitals will also become free beds. Chief minister Mamata Banerjee made this announcement through her Facebook page on Wednesday.
"I would like to share with you a decision that we have taken in the health sector for the downtrodden and the common people. Henceforth, all patients will receive free treatment, free diagnostics and free surgery in all government hospitals and health centres from village to district level," the chief minister posted on her Facebook page.
"All paying beds are now being converted into free beds. There will be no bed charges for patients, even in CCU and cabins of government hospitals up to district level. Thus, all the commoners, including APL, BPL, SC, ST, OBC, minority community, will be benefitted," the post said.
The chief minister also posted that the state's budget allocation had been increased substantially for providing free medicine in OPDs. "Our government is providing free medicines in OPDs and indoor patients in government hospitals since January 2013. For this, we have substantially increased our medicine budget from a meagre Rs 80 Crore in 2010-11 to more than Rs 400 crore. Now, this decision will give nearly 76% people in Bengal who avail treatment in government hospitals a significant relief," the chief minister posted on Facebook.
Earlier, the state health department identified healthcare units located in remote rural areas and upgraded their infrastructure.
On Wednesday, the chief minister inaugurated two new academic buildings at SSKM Hospital, a digital X-ray unit at M R Bangur Hospital and an MRI unit at National Medical College and Hospital. During the inauguration ceremony of academic buildings at SSKM, Mamata criticized the Centre for increasing the prices of several life-saving drugs.
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A chance to turn history pages

SNS, Siliguri, 22 OctoberCome Siliguri Carnival slated for 15-21 December, people are all set to flip back on the pages of Siliguri’s rich history. The Siliguri Municipal Corporation (SMC) is facilitating the event and a permanent heritage committee has been set up.
"An effort has been made to revisit the history of Siliguri on the theme ‘Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow.’
The town’s look long ago, its look now and how it will look in the future, will all be there for people to see.
A heritage committee has been set up with experts and people who have long experience with the town and know it like no other.
The committee will work to preserve historical items related to the town," said SMC secretary and committee member Saptarshi Nag.
A book will be released during the carnival that will contain some rare photographs and information about Siliguri.
"There will be a photograph of how the Siliguri Court would have looked in the beginning, a very rare photograph depicting Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to the town to meet the ailing Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das. This apart, there is only a copy of the settlement survey of the Siliguri mouza.
The survey was conducted in 1923-1925 and the copy was printed in 1927. We are trying to reprint the copy," Mr Nag said.
The heritage committee will appeal to the people to come up with anything of the bygone days that they possess that may help everyone relive the past.
“An archive can also be set up to preserve the historical items, documents at the SMC,” Mr Nag said.
SMC commissioner Sonam Wangdi Bhutia, Prof Ananda Gopal Ghosh, Soumen Nag, Pof Pranab Bhattacharya, Raj Basu and former employee of the erstwhile Siliguri Municipality, Pranab Bhattacharya are the other members of the panel.
"Mr Bhattacharya has witnessed the transformation since the time the SMC was called the ‘union board,’ then it transformed into the Siliguri Municipality and later the SMC," Mr Nag said.
Organisers also plan to stage a laser show at the event.
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HNAF submits deputation on banning plastic carry bags

EOI, Siliguri, 22 Oct 2014: The Himalayan Nature and Adventure Foundation on Wednesday submitted a deputation to the Siliguri Dub-Divisional Officer Wangdi Bhutia demanding ban on use of plastic carry bag in the city. The HNAF delegation was also joined by members of other social organizations including Sliguri Welfare Society, Brihat Nagrik Manch and other NGOs based in the city.
The HNAF delegation said the main aim of the demand is to free the city from the pollution caused by non-biodegradable materials such as plastic carry bags. The HNAF along with other social organisations will also conduct awareness programmes on effects of plastic on nature.
The social organisations will conduct rallies across the city as well as put up posters and distribute leaflets. Notably, the SMC has also already started a drive against the usage of plastic bags, while North Bengal Development Minister Gautam Deb also had talked about banning plastic bag to back the Clean and Green mission started by him under the Swacha Bharat Abhiyan. The Gorkha Territorial Administration also had recently started ban on usage of plastic bag and gutkha across the hill as part of the Swacha Bharat Abhiyan.
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A wild goose chase before Diwali

Prashant Acharya, EOI, BAGDOGRA, 22 Oct 2014: A day after Dhanteras, people of the tea gardens near Bagdogra and the other travellers thought they were in for a bonanza as they found hundreds of tiny silver coloured balls which they took for genuine silver scattered all along the Highway.
Hundreds of people went “silver” picking on Naxalbari-Siliguri Road near Singhia Jhora Tea Garden of Bagdogra on Wednesday morning after millions of tiny silvery balls were found scattered on that stretch.
Traffic came on halt as tea garden workers including motorists, auto drivers, cyclists, rickshaw-pullers and even the government staff joined a mad scramble to collect the balls that possibly dropped from a passing vehicle. People were seen collecting the balls till the late evening.
Anand Karmakar a local goldsmith after testing and examining the metal said that it was cent percent original silver. He said that the duplicate silver gets black after burning in flames. Siliguri Deputy Police Commissioner, O G Paul told newspersons in the evening, however, that the tiny balls found near Bagdogra were fake and not original silver. She said that they looked like silver but not original.
Seema Toppo of Singhia Jhora Tea Garden said, “We saw millions of tiny white objects scattered on the streets at about 11 am and soon went to collect it. It might have fallen from the vehicle that had crossed towards Siliguri.”
According to Seema when the news spread the entire area all left their works and ran towards the street to collect the silver balls.
Ramesh Naik of Bagdogra said that he saw a custom’s vehicle passing in a high speed just after the metal fell on the road. He said that the silver balls might have been thrown by the smugglers from the running vehicle when they saw that custom vehicle chasing them.
Some people were found running with the whole family members to collect the unknown object. When asked they said, “Suna hain Asman se kuch kimti cheez gira hain.” According to these poor and illiterate people they believe that it might be the gift of the God on the occasion of Diwali. The rumour spread like wildfire and the entire road was blocked by noon.
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Elderly arrested for molesting minor

EOI, RHENOCK, 22 Oct 2014: Sikkim police on Wednesday arrested a 78 year elderly person in Rhenock, East Sikkim, for sexually molesting a five year old minor. 
Police sources said the accused was a resident of Rhenock Bazaar and a shopkeeper by profession. 
On September 14, the girl had gone to his shop to purchase a pencil. He lured the minor into his shop and molested her. 
Although the complaint was filed more than a month later, the police arrested the elderly and booked him under section 354 (A)/Protection of Children from Sexual Offence Act, 2012.
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Nepal vows new rules after worst trekking disaster

EOI, Kathmandu, 22 October 2014: Nepal has  said it will introduce new rules, improve weather forecasts and better monitor the movement of trekkers after the Himalayan country's worst hiking disaster left dozens dead last week, according to a PTI report from Kathmandu on Tuesday..
Tourism Department official Tulasi Gautam said trekkers venturing to mountain trails will be required to take trained local guides, and will have to rent a GPS tracking unit to help authorities trace them in case of an emergency.
Gautam said the government plans to announce the new rules nationwide before the next trekking season in the spring.
"The main reason for the high number of casualties is that those trekkers without proper guides were prompted to continue with their trek in attempts to beat the storm. So we plan to strictly enforce new rules of no trekking without porters or proper guides," Gautam said.
At least 43 people were killed last week when a blizzard and avalanches swept the mountains of the Annapurna region in northern Nepal.
Of those, 21 were foreign trekkers and mountaineers from countries including India, Israel, Canada, Poland, Japan, China and Slovakia. Twenty-two were Nepalese guides, porters and villagers.
The four Indians, who are among the 40 people killed in Nepal's worst trekking disaster, have been identified, says the PTI report quoting Indian Embassy officials in Kathmandu.
They have been identified as Debashish Dev, Arup Roychaudhury, Sunil Sen and Indranil Ghosh. Sen, Ghosh and Dev were from West Bengal. The native place of Roychaudhury is not known. The whereabouts of Tathagata Jana are still unknown and the embassy is continuing its efforts to trace him.
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Buddha statue to be gifted from Thailand

EOI, Darjeeling, 22 Oct 2014: A 31-member delegation from Thailand will present a bronze Buddha statue to a monastery in Darjeeling on October 26 as part of a philanthropic endeavour.
The Thai delegation is scheduled to arrive in Darjeeling on October 25 accompanied by Indian ambassador to Thailand Harsha Vardhan Shringla.
Darjeeling Eastern Himalayan Buddhist Cultural Association (DEHBCA) S.L.Palzor said on Wednesday:  “One of our members in Delhi was informed about some people from Thailand wanting to donate a
statue of Buddha in India. He referred the name of Dichen TashiCholing Gumba located at Gopal Dhura in Singtam Darjeeling which was then approved by the Indian Ambassador to Thailand”.
Besides the Buddha statue, the Thai delegation will also present two statues of revered monks to the Singtam tea estate monastery. “The presentation of the statues from Thailand to the Singtam monastery is being coordinated by the Himalayan Buddhist Cultural Association,” said Palzor.
It is learnt that the monastery has Singtam did not have a proper statue. However when the proposal was made the monastery committee accepted it in the hope that it would benefit the devotees of the area who flock to offer prayer.
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Bhaichung Bhutia inducted into AFC Hall of Fame

EOI, Delhi/Gangtok, 23 October:  Former Indian Football Team captain Bhaichung Bhutia has been inducted into the Asian Football   Confederation Hall of Fame, according to a Press release by All India Football Federation. The AIFF  said it has received a letter from the AFC General Secretary Daro Alex Soosay confirming Bhutia’s  induction into the AFC Hall of Fame.
The letter read, “The AFC is celebrating its 60th Anniversary in Philippines on November 30 this year, where a joint event will take place to celebrate the Anniversary as well as reward Asia's finest at  the AFC Annual Awards.” Bhutia along with nine other legendary Asian players will also be inducted into the Hall of Fame during the function. AFC Annual Awards in November will be the inaugural edition and Bhutia is the first Indian to be conferred with the honour.
AIFF president Praful Patel said Bhutia deserves the honour and lauded his contribution to Indian football. "Bhaichung has been the flag bearer of Indian Football in over 100 International matches.  My heartiest congratulations to him! Post retirement, he has been closely associated with AIFF and we expect to work closely for the development of the sport in the country," he said.
Reacting to the news, Bhaichung Bhutia thanked the AFC for the honour and said "It's a great honour  for me. I thank AFC for finding me competent enough. I would also like to thank All India Football Federation for their continuous support as well as my team mates, without whom this would not have been possible," he said. The former Indian football captain also thanked his coaches and all the clubs under which he played. “A special thanks to all my fans for standing beside me. This Award is more for you than me," he added,
Bhutia, also known as Tinkitam express after his hometown in Sikkim, played 107 matched for India from 1995 to 2011 and scored 47 goals for the country. He also played for a number of Indian and foreign clubs, including East Bengal, Mohun Bagan and JCT in India along with FC Bury in England and Perak FA in Malaysia. His international footballing honours include winning the Nehru Cup, LG Cup, SAFF Championship three times and the AFC Challenge Cup. He is also India's most capped player, and in the 2009 Nehru Cup he received his 100th international cap.
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Blaze in govt officials’ complex Bikes and cars gutted in dawn fire in Sikkim

The cars and motorbikes destroyed in the blaze near Gangtok 
Pictures by Prabin Khaling
Nirmal Mangar, TT, Gangtok, Oct. 22: Seven cars and 14 motorbikes were gutted at dawn today in a parking lot blaze inside a Sikkim government officials’ residential campus. Police and fire officers said they suspected “miscreants” were behind the blaze in the parking lot of the three-storey building in Upper Syari that houses three families, among them the Sikkim state personnel department’s deputy secretary. A police source said someone may have thrown the burning firecracker inside the parking area. One of the residents of the building said he heard something burst but was not sure if it was a firecracker. Nobody was injured. 

The cars and motorbikes belonged to the families of the officials staying in the complex. The residential campus for the state government officials is 3km from Gangtok town and hardly 500m from Deorali Bazaar, where yesterday an eight-year-old girl died of suffocation when a fire broke out in a few wooden huts. There are 16 buildings for government officials that accommodate 48 families in Upper Syari. According to residents, the campus was never guarded.
Asked why the cops suspected the hand of “miscreants” and not any accidental blaze, sources in the police said there were no exposed wires or any switch box inside the parking lot.
The police said they were questioning people living near the complex to find out if they might have seen anything suspicious.
Two of the three families living in the building where the fire happened were not at home last night.
The first person to notice the fire was Yebesh Rai, the son of Bharat Bhushan Rai, the deputy secretary in the department of personnel. The Rais live on the second floor of the building. 
The soot-marked building in whose parking lot the fire broke out. 
“When I heard a loud sound, I came out to the veranda. I saw bikes going up in flames. I woke up my parents, wife and domestic help and we all went downstairs. The fire was engulfing the cars parked near the two-wheelers. We had a narrow escape,” said Rai, who somehow brought his family out of the building.
“This is for the first time that such a fire has happened in the government residential complex. Since there is no any wall or boundary, which could block entry of an outsider to the complex to an extent, people could easily walk inside without anyone’s notice. There is also hardly any police patrolling in the area during the night,” said government employee K.B. Chhetri, residing in one of the 16 buildings.
One of the burnt cars at the basement of the government building
The East district collector said the building housed three government officers’ families and was certified to be fit for occupation by the housing and building department.
“The principal secretary of the law department, R.K. Purkashtya, stays on the top floor, while additional director in the horticulture department, B.L. Lama, has been allocated the first-floor. Both the families were not present when the fire broke out,” Yebesh said.
The deputy chief fire officer, Prakash Rai, said: “Prima facie, it seems someone threw crackers inside the building to torch the vehicles. There was no possibility of a short circuit or ignition causing the fire. It was the work of some mischief makers.”
East district collector Tsewang Gyatcho who visited the spot said police were carrying out an investigation to ascertain the cause of the fire.
“Officials of the buildings and housing department inspected the apartment. They said the fire didn’t cause any damage to the building and it’s fit for the families to continue to live there,” Gyatcho said.
Three fire tenders were pressed into service to douse the fire. “It took almost an hour to bring the blaze under control,” said Prakash Rai.
However, he said the vehicles parked along the road leading to the government quarters had posed hindrance to the fire engines’ movement.
“First of all, the road to the housing complex is narrow. On the top of that, there were vehicles parked on either side of the road and it was difficult for the fire engines to move forward. Still, we could reach the spot on time and extinguish the fire. We also got support from the local people who removed the vehicles from both sides of the road,” Prakash Rai said.
The traffic police had last week issued an advisory asking residents of Gangtok not to park vehicles haphazardly on narrow roads.
Kunga Nima, the Syari MLA, said: “I have suggested to police to start night patrol in the area so that anti-social activities can be checked,” said the MLA.
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Small-tea sector threat

Avijit Sinha, TT, Siliguri, Oct. 22: Small tea growers in north Bengal have threatened to launch a movement to protest the lower price realisation of green leaves supplied to over 100 bought leaf factories.
According to the growers, their produce is fetching a price of Rs 3 to Rs 5 a kg, which is not even half of the production cost. The Tea Board of India has fixed a price of Rs 12.46 for 1kg of green leaves for October.
“Every year, the tea market slackens a bit after Durga Puja. But the price has come down drastically after the Puja this year and its not even covering half of the production cost. We need to spend around Rs 13 to produce 1kg leaves. But we are getting an average price of Rs 5 a kg in the past 15-20 days,” Bijoygopal Chakraborty, the president of the Confederation of Indian Small Tea Growers’ Associations, said today.
“The entire small tea sector is in crisis as several growers are finding it tough to maintain the plants. If such a situation persists, there is no alternative other than to organise a movement,” he added.
Chakraborty said the price had come down because of inadequate number of BLFs in north Bengal. “In 2013, around 135 million kg finished tea was produced from leaves supplied by small farmers. This means we had produced over 600 million kg of leaves. As on date, there are 124 BLFs in north Bengal, but they don’t have the capacity to process 600 million kg of leaves. That means, there is an oversupply that leads to reduction in prices,” he said.
“If the Tea Board doesn’t allow the establishment of more BLFs, the price will continue to be low. At least 50 more BLFs are required in north Bengal,” said Chakraborty.
However, the BLF owners blamed the growers for not controlling the supply.
“It is an open secret that a section of small growers supplies leaves to tea estates in the Dooars and Terai. When the estates stop buying the leaves, the small farmers come to the BLFs, which leads to over supply. That is why the price is coming down,” said Prabir Seal, the president of North Bengal Tea Producers’ Association.
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Subscription harassment

TT, Siliguri, Oct. 22: Tour operators in north Bengal today wrote to senior officials of the state tourism department and Siliguri metropolitan police, alleging that members of some local clubs were inconveniencing tourists by forcibly stopping their cars and asking for subscription for Kali Puja in Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts.
“For the past few days, tourists, cab drivers and transporters have been complaining to us about this new problem of collecting subscription ahead of Diwali and Kali Puja. Members of some of the clubs organising the pujas are stopping vehicles carrying tourists on different roads in and around the town and also on highways,” said Raj Basu, a tour operator of north Bengal.
In Siliguri, vehicles are being stopped on the roads leading to New Jalpaiguri, on NH31, NH55 and on the Eastern Bypass.
In Dooars, tourists are finding it tough to move even a kilometre in some of the stretches of NH31C or the state highways crossing through popular destinations such as Gorumara National Park, Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary and Chilapata.
This year a new trend has been noticed. Many clubs, which are collecting money from vehicles, are putting stickers on the windscreens for the “convenience” of the drivers.
“Once the subscription is paid, the vehicle need not to stop at the same locality for the second time,” said a member of a club based in Deshbandhupara here.
Sunil Agarwal, the joint director (north) of tourism, when asked about the issue, said: “We have come to know about this problem and will speak to officials of civil and police administration to ensure free movement of tourists across the region during Diwali.”
Fire safety on bike
In a first-of-its-kind initiative, fire fighters here will carry out patrolling on a motorcycle on Diwali in Siliguri.
Sanat Mondal, the divisional fire officer (north zone) of the state fire services department, said: “This is the first time that we are introducing fire fighters on two-wheelers. They will take initial measures to check any incident of fire. Also, they will monitor Kali Puja pandals and commercial areas to avoid any disaster.”
According to him, two firemen posted at Siliguri fire station will patrol the town with portable fire extinguishers and a walkie-talkie.
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Alumni meet as St Paul’s turns 150 - 250 ex-students expected to attend event

Vivek Chhetri, TT, Darjeeling, Oct. 22: St Paul’s School in Darjeeling is planning an international alumni meeting from October 30 for three days to mark the 150th year of the institution in the hills.
Around 250 ex-students from around the world are expected to gather.
Bishop George Edward Lynch Cotton had moved St Paul’s School from Calcutta to Darjeeling in 1864. Now after 150 years, St Paul’s School and Old Paulites — the alumni of the school — are preparing to celebrate “Paulite Forever”, a global get together of all Old Paulites, not only to express their gratitude towards the school, but also to reaffirm that Darjeeling is still a distinguished educational hub in India.
Rev. Joy Halder, the rector, today said: “Old Paulities from (the batch of) 1954 onwards will be coming back to St Paul’s for Paulite Forever. During the three-day gathering, starting from October 30.
Paulites from North America, Europe, Thailand, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and the rest of the country will be visiting the school.”
St Paul’s School was founded in Calcutta in 1823 by John William Ricketts and named The Parental Academic Institution.
It was housed in various locations in Park Street and in Chowringhee, roughly where the Indian Museum in Calcutta now stands.
In 1864, Bishop George Edward Lynch Cotton moved the school to Jalapahar hill in Darjeeling. At an altitude of nearly 7,500 feet, St Paul’s became a public school at the highest altitude in the world then.
Cotton is also the founder of the Bishop Cotton School in Shimla.
“Paulite Forever is also an attempt to reaffirm that Darjeeling is still an education hub of India,” said Rev Halder.
The Church’s religious affiliation lies with the Church of North India.
Before St Paul’s was established, the Loreto nuns had set up Loreto Convent in October 10, 1846.
Asked if the recent political agitation had hampered students’ inflow, an administrative official of the school said that the effect “was not as bad as we had thought.”
St Paul’s has 480 boys on its roll at present.
During the three days of celebration, the school team will play a cricket match with a combined team of Old Paulites from Bangladesh and Calcutta.
“The school will also stage a musical Joseph And His Amazing Technicolour Dream Coat. The junior boys will also stage a play, Alladin,” said Rev Halder.
Events like flower arranging competition for the wives of OP’s, squash and football matches along with photography and art and craft exhibition will also be held.
A well know theatre personality, Prannay Gupta, who is also an Old Paulite will also be staging an award winning play From Kabir to Kavi during the celebration.
A number of Bollywood films like Do Anjanne, Mera Naam Joker, Chor aur Chandni, Main Hoon Na and Barfi! have been shot at St Paul’s .
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22 Oct 2014

Understanding and Defeating Resurgent Fascism


Robert J. Burrowes, KalimNews, 22 October 2014: As fascism is being intruded more widely and deeply into key areas of world politics, it is important to identify this trend, to explain the psychology of fascism and to nominate key elements of any strategy to defeat it.
Fascism is best known for its rise in Italy under Benito Mussolini and its Nazi manifestation in Germany under Adolf Hitler. However, despite the enormous cost in human lives it took European and other peoples to defeat Nazism in World War II, fascism remains a prevalent, persistent and growing problem in world politics. In fact, while we like to think that modern leaders oppose fascism and the violent behavioral outcomes that arise from it, the reality is that many political and corporate leaders are fascists themselves and support other fascists when elite interests require it. They just don't use the word 'fascist' to identify themselves and modern political analysts rarely use it either.
One manifestation of fascism is occurring in eastern Ukraine (and now Kiev) where the United States elite is sponsoring the ongoing genocide of Russian-speaking peoples in support of fascist groups that are directly descended from Nazi groups in World War II. For a taste of the extensive documentation of this point, see Robert Parry 'Ukraine's Neo-Nazis Demand Respect'http://consortiumnews.com/2014/10/15/ukraines-neo-nazis-demand-respect/, Michel Chossudovsky 'America's Neo-Nazi Government in Kiev. Towards a Scenario of Military Escalation' http://www.globalresearch.ca/americas-neo-nazi-government-in-kiev-towards-a-scenario-of-military-escalation/5380384, Michel Chossudovsky 'Ukraine and the "Politics of Anti-Semitism": The West Upholds Neo-Nazi Repression of Ukraine's Jewish Community' http://www.globalresearch.ca/ukraine-and-the-politics-of-anti-semitism-west-upholds-neo-nazi-repression-of-ukraines-jewish-community/5370790 as well as this video 'Ukraine Crisis: What You're Not Being Told' http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=81d_1403227131, this video 'Neo-Nazis in Ukraine' https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-LKFptM7oOk and this video compilation: 'US support of violent neo-Nazis in Ukraine' https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-RyOaFwcEw Moreover, in a recent video report which also referred to the earlier US-orchestrated genocides in Rwanda and Libya, it becomes clear that 'Genocide is just another foreign policy tool for the US' fascist elite. See 'Genocide in Eastern Ukraine' http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1JFY6Xug6X8
Do you think that this description sounds too extreme? Here is the response of the eminent Norwegian peace research scholar Professor Johan Galtung: 'US Fascism? Yes, indeed; if by fascism we mean use of massive violence for political goals. US fascism takes three forms: global with bombing, droning and sniping all over; domestic with military weapons used across race and class faultlines; and then NSA-National Security Agency spying on everybody.' See 'The Fall of the US Empire - And Then What?'
But the ongoing prevalence of fascism reaches well beyond the United States. The eminent Burmese scholar Dr Maung Zarni notes that fascism 'is not encoded genetically or culturally in any people. The word "fascism" is not exclusive to historical discussion of the Germans, Italians, Japanese or for that matter any group with a brutally fascist past.... Just as there were the good Germans and the Nazi Germans, I would argue, there are "Nazi Jews", based on the available evidence of popular and legalized racism in Israel towards ALL Arabs.... What else would we call the Jews of Israel who demand "death to Arabs"?' See 'Stop Playing the Anti-Semitism Card & Get Real about the Rise of Fascism in Israel' http://www.maungzarni.net/2014/08/stop-playing-anti-semitism-card-get.html
Moreover, as long-time Middle East analyst Dr Franklin Lamb notes, 'many Jews feel that the world is against them, and view criticism of Zionist apartheid Israel as a mask for animosity towards Jews' but, he argues, any 'rejection' is 'not at all about Jews, but only about Zionism as a fascist, racist creed'. See 'A Nail in Zionism's Coffin?' http://www.countercurrents.org/lamb020814.htm
Elsewhere in the world, Dr Maung Zarni has warned about the rise of Buddhist fascism against the Muslim Rohingya in Burma. See 'Myanmar's new Nazis: Wirathu's "Buddhist" Vision, 969 Islamophobia, strategies and 969 Rakhine-China-connections'http://www.maungzarni.net/2013/07/wirathu-and-his-hate-crimes-background.html and 'Burmese Neo-Nazi Movement Rising Against Muslims' http://www.asiasentinel.com/society/burmese-neo-nazi-movement-rising-against-muslims/ Other examples could be cited.
There have been many attempts to understand fascism, starting with the early work of Wilhelm Reich 'The Mass Psychology of Fascism'http://www.relatedness.org/Mass_Psychology_of_Fascism.pdf. So what is fascism and what is the underlying psychology of individuals who are fascists?
Usually, fascism is described as a form of authoritarian nationalism in which a dictator has complete power and violently suppresses opposition and criticism while emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and racism. (If you want to read a 14 point characterization of fascism, see Professor Lawrence Britt's 'Fascism Anyone?' http://www.secularhumanism.org/index.php/articles/2710) More generally, however, the above definition of Galtung's highlights its essence. But the psychology of fascists – those who believe in, and use, 'massive violence for political goals' – is complex and is a direct outcome of the nature of the extraordinary violence to which they were subjected as children.
Let me briefly identify the psychological profile of fascists and the specific violence that generates a person with this psychology. For a thorough explanation and elaboration of this point, see 'Why Violence?' http://tinyurl.com/whyviolence and 'Fearless Psychology and Fearful Psychology: Principles and Practice' http://anitamckone.wordpress.com/articles-2/fearless-and-fearful-psychology/
First, fascists are terrified and they are particularly terrified of those individuals who perpetrated violence against them when they were a child although this terror remains unconscious to them. Second, this terror is so extreme that fascists are too terrified to consciously identify to themselves their own perpetrator (one or both parents and/or other significant adults who are supposed to love them) and to say that it is this individual or individuals who are violent and wrong.
Third, because they are terrified, they are unable to defend themselves against the original perpetrator(s) but also, as a result, they are unable to defend themselves against other perpetrators who attack them later in life. This lack of capacity to defend themselves leads to the fourth and fifth attributes – a deep sense of powerlessness and a deep sense of self-hatred. However, it is too terrifying and painful for the individual to be consciously aware of any of these feelings/attributes.
Sixth, because they are terrified of identifying that they are the victim of the violence of their own parents (and/or other significant adults from their childhood) and that this violence terrified them, fascists unconsciously delude themselves about the identity of their own perpetrator. They will unconsciously identify their 'perpetrator' as one or more individuals of whom they are not actually afraid from an existing 'legitimised victim' group, such as people from a different race, religion or class. This is also because their unconscious terror and self-hatred compels them to project onto something (that is, people and/or resources) that is 'controllable' (because their original perpetrators never were). For this reason, their victims are (unconsciously) carefully chosen and are always relatively powerless by comparison.
This is easy to do because, seventh, children who become fascists have been terrorised into accepting a very narrow-minded and dogmatic belief set that excludes consideration of those in other social (including racial, religious or class) groups. The idea that they might open-mindedly consider other beliefs, or the rights of those not in the 'in-group', is (unconsciously) terrifying to them. Moreover, because they have been terrorised into adopting their rigid belief set, fascists develop an intense fear of the truth; hence, fascists are both bigoted and self-righteous. In addition, the belief set of fascists includes a powerful and violently reinforced 'lesson': 'good' means obedient; it does not mean intrinsically good, loving and caring.
Eighth, and as a result of all of the above, fascists learn to unconsciously project their self-hatred, one outcome of their own victimhood, as hatred for those in the 'out-groups'. This 'justifies' their (violent) behaviour and obscures their unconscious motivation: to remain unaware of their own suppressed terror and self-hatred.
Ninth, fascists have a compulsion to be violent; that is, they are addicted to it. Why? Because the act of violence allows them to explosively release the suppressed feelings (usually some combination of fear, terror, pain, anger and powerlessness) so that they experience a brief sensation of delusional 'relief'. Because the 'relief' is both brief and delusional, they are condemned to repeat their violence endlessly.
But the compulsion to be violent is reinforced by another element in their belief set, the tenth characteristic: fascists have a delusional belief in the effectiveness and morality of violence; they have no capacity to perceive its dysfunctionality and immorality.
And eleventh, the extreme social terrorisation experience to which fascists have been subjected means that the feelings of love, compassion, empathy and sympathy, as well as the mental function of conscience, are prevented from developing. Devoid of conscience and these feelings, fascists can inflict violence on others without experiencing the feedback that conscience and these feelings would provide.
In theory, of course, fascists can heal from the terror and self-hatred that underpins their psychology. Unfortunately, they are unlikely to have the courage to seek the appropriate emotional support to do so. In the meantime, those of us so inclined must resist their violence and this can be done strategically. See 'The Strategy of Nonviolent Defense: A Gandhian Approach' http://www.sunypress.edu/p-2176-the-strategy-of-nonviolent-defe.aspx
f you wish to join the worldwide movement to end all violence, fascist or otherwise, then you are welcome to sign online 'The People's Charter to Create a Nonviolent World' http://thepeoplesnonviolencecharter.wordpress.com
In summary: Fascists are terrified and self-hating. But, rather than feel their own cowardice and self-hatred, they unconsciously project this as fear of, and hatred for, the people in one or more 'legitimised victim' groups.
Robert J. Burrowes has a lifetime commitment to understanding and ending human violence. He has done extensive research since 1966 in an effort to understand why human beings are violent and has been a nonviolent activist since 1981. He is the author of 'Why Violence?' http://tinyurl.com/whyviolence His email address is flametree@riseup.net and his website is at http://robertjburrowes.wordpress.com
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How was Dhirubhai Ambani able to build his enormous empire without any entrepreneurship background at all?

Dhirubhai Ambani is an Indian icon who did that way. He is a little more special than the American entrepreneurs above as the old world relies on connections & lineage a lot, lot more than the new world. 
Dhirubhai started out as a trader importing polyester fabric and exporting spices. The small dowry he got and experience he acquired working in middle east, helping him a bit to get started in this.  
Trading was not a sexy thing those days. Only uneducated people and very rich kids without much drive were dabbling in there. There was not enough competition for someone as smart and as fierce as Dhirubhai. Once he mastered polyester trading, he moved upstream to start producing fabric and downstream to directly brand this fabric to customers.
His apparel brand - Vimal - created a sensation in the 1970/80s. Vimal brought in top fashion designers to build the aesthetic appeal, focused a lot on fabric quality, made really sexy promotions and got a whole bunch of top model & cricketers to endorse. 
Then expanded the polyester business and started producing the things needed to make the polyester (as India's import rules were quite harsh) such as petrochemicals.
Besides the product innovation, he also utilized the financial markets to full extent. His company went to IPO in 1977 (when India's stock markets were very small) and really used the power of common investors. When I was young, my parents will always be chatting about how everyone should own Reliance stock - it took stock markets to the masses.
Dhirubhai had the dream to break in a market with too much of connections, had the persistance to stay through Indian government's moronic policies, had the innovative ability (both in product and finance) and finally the luck (from the dowry to being at a time when the Indian economy was exploding).
While a family background in entrepreneurship can help you be a good entrepreneur, it doesn't help a lot in being a legendary entrepreneur. Legends completely blaze their own path without being encumbered by the past.
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Sleuths sound alert on Sudipta’s Nepal links

saradhaDebasis Konar,TNN, Oct 22, 2014,KOLKATA: The Enforcement Directorate (ED) has alerted the Nepal government's Department of Money Laundering Investigation (DMLI) to check hawala transactions through Nepal. Since the focus has shifted to Bangladesh after the Burdwan blast, ED officials suspect that hawala transactions will now be done through Nepal for terror funding.
Moreover, the sleuths felt that it is easier to use Nepal to send money to India or from India. Already, the ED is probing if Saradha money was siphoned off to Nepal via hawala channels. There are also reports that Sudipta Sen had been to Nepal while he was on the run. Sleuths suspect that he also had links with Dubai. The sleuths are also scanning the passport of Sudipta Sen to bust his foreign links.
It has come to the notice of the ED officials that a number of chit funds operating in Bengal had shifted money to Nepal through hawala channels. The sleuths fear that a part of this money might also land up with the militants. Recently, it was found that an Assam-based terror outfit was sending money to Nepal and ED will confiscate the same from a Nepal bank.
The sleuths are trying to find out if Saradha money was sent to middle-east and other countries. Spending of huge money to organize a number of overseas Bengali conferences in the US and Australia and the frequent foreign trips by the crew of Channel 10, owned by the group, have raised ED's suspicion.
ED is also probing if Ghosh was part of the hawala racket. It's also trying to find out whether there was any violation of the Money Laundering Act while paying fees of the MP's son who studies in London.
The sleuths have also set their sights on some of the relatives of the Saradha top functionaries who live abroad.
Meanwhile, the ED officials are probing if there was funding from Bangladesh for the Burdwan blast. The investigators who had gone to the blast site spoke to a number of police officers and confirmed that there was organized terror funding from Bangladesh. ED is also trying to find out how the money reached the terrorists who were involved in the bomb manufacturing and how did they manage to purchase plots to set up illegal madrassas in different parts of Bengal.
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